Arctic Ice Cover and Petermann Fjord, Glacier, and Ice Island Video Footage

The National Snow and Ice Data Center announced today, that the Arctic Ice Area Extent has reached an absolute minimum breaking the record minimum of 2007 with still several weeks of potential melting and retreat to go. This has been anticipated for many weeks now with perhaps the most extensive coverage and intelligent discussions over at Neven’s Arctic Sea Ice Blog.

The graph above shows Arctic sea ice extent as of August 26, 2012, along with daily ice extent data for 2007, the previous record low year, and 1980, the record high year. 2012 is shown in blue, 2007 in green, and 1980 in orange. The 1979 to 2000 average is in dark gray. The gray area around this average line shows the two standard deviation range of the data. The 1981 to 2010 average is in sky blue. Sea Ice Index data. [Credit: National Snow and Ice Data Center]

This is as big a deal, because an ice-covered ocean reflects much more sunlight back into space in summer than a black ocean does that absorbs more heat: a positive feedback. This is why people in hot climates wear white, not black clothes, they like to stay cool. Furthermore, this decline has been ongoing for the last 30 years and the climate models that policy makers rely on did not predict this level of ice cover to occur for another 20-30 years. So, the warming climate and the changes it caused are on an accelerated schedule with regard to the Arctic Sea Ice cover. Also, the remaining ice cover is thinner than it used to be, because the multi-year ice keeps leaving the Arctic faster than it can be formed inside the Arctic. Both the Fram Strait to the east of Greenland and Nares Strait to the west of Greenland export this old, hard, and thick ice that ultimately melts further south. The ice that is left in the Arctic Ocean has become both thinner, younger, and softer, making it easier to melt the next summer.

On somewhat related news from the University of Delaware (UDel), we put two videos together that show a tiny, if spectacular example of a different area that has never been ice-free for at least 150 years when people were looking: Petermann Fjord. On August 10/11, 2012 the Captain and crew of the Canadian Coast Ship Henry Larsen gave us unfettered 18 hours access to the newly ice-free waters of this large glacier that discharges about 6% of the Greenland ice sheet. The UDel press release has the video that is also posted at youtube. As a less professionally assembled version is my first introductory iMovie project, e.g.,

2 responses to “Arctic Ice Cover and Petermann Fjord, Glacier, and Ice Island Video Footage

  1. Congratulations on getting to visit and examine such a wonderful location.

  2. I do indeed feel lucky and privileged to be working in such an area with dedicated people such as the Canadian Coast Guard and an international group of collegues, students, engineers, and technicians. Without all of them none of this would be possible.

    This work is supported by US and Canadian tax payers, so I feel a responsibility to report in both academic and non-academic ways on what we measure, what we see, and what we experience as a result of this support. I do not take it for granted, especially as there are so many pressing needs and concerns globally on limited resources.

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